One of my favourite basketball training sessions at PGC Basketball (formerly Point Guard College) is our classroom lecture on ‘Defensive Pestitude’.
It’s a favourite teaching topic of mine because, to be honest, it’s the one thing that I could do, as an athlete, as an all-the-time, every-time thing. If you watched me play, the one thing you could count on me for, was defense.
[I'm sure I have teammates that will go to their grave saying, that's all I could do! ...In a way I'm being a little self-deprecating with that last line; however, it's also something that I take great pride in. And, as I tell athletes: The things you take pride in, are the things you do well!]
So, that’s my bias… I *love* defense and tenacious defenders. I have an unbridled enthusiasm for all the subtleties, nuances and “tricks” that make the great defensive players, great.
Former Princeton head coach, Pete Carril, once said that defense is played first with the ‘head, then the heart, then the legs.’ I’ve always relished this thought. As a result, I’d argue that a great defensive player, has just as much basketball intelligence as any great offensive player. In fact, if you really got me fired up, I’d go so far as to say that it takes more of a basketball IQ to be good on defense than offense.
You see, to me, there’s an intuition, instinct and mindset that great defensive players develop. It’s a way of thinking that requires one to be a student of the game, understand movement, action-reaction, body balance, human psychology, angles, salesmanship, and be great and coming up with a strategy or plan of attack that varies based on their opponent; or, even within the same basketball game, a strategy that varies based on time-and-score against that same opponent.
During our man-to-man defensive training session at PGC, I kept asking the athletes before they began any of the drills in our defensive progression: “Do you have a plan?”
Most would pause. Think. Shrug. Then shake their heads as if to say “No, I don’t.”
In turn, I’d require them to come up with a plan before they could start.
To be honest, I didn’t really care what their ‘plan’ was. All that mattered to me, was forcing them to pause, assess, and come up with a defensive plan of attack when going up against any offensive basketball player. My objective was to force them to devise some strategy that they would use; as opposed to going in blind at the whim of the offense.
Most basketball players do not have a plan (unfortunately).
How Does A Basketball Player Create A Defensive Plan?
Allow me to share a very basic framework for helping athletes come up with an individual defensive ‘plan of attack’. Here are some questions that a basketball player should ask themselves:
Who am I?
- This is a foundational question. It’s seeds the answers for all subsequent questions and answers. In order to be a effective and efficient defensive player, you must develop an acute awareness of what your strengths are defensively (e.g. speed, agility, height, length or reach, reaction off the ground, anticipation or reaction, etc.).
Who am I guarding?
- In lockstep with the first question, one must also be able assess the strengths and weaknesses of the player their matched up against. For instance, if they’re the primary ball handler and point guard, are they a hesitation-and-go type player or do they move more laterally, zig-zagging to advance the ball up the court? What’s their primary and secondary ball handling attacking moves? What’s their counter move if their primary and secondary are taken away? What dribble move do they use to get the ball from their weak hand to their dominant hand?
- What’s their weaker passing hand?
- How do they create their offense, individually, in the half court (i.e. off the dribble or off the catch)? Are they allowed to free lance early clock? Or, does their coach require them to run the team’s offense first?
- What side of the court do they typically initiate their team’s offense?
- How do they initiative offense (i.e. off the pass, off penetration or dribble push, wing entry, high post or post entry)?
Who are my teammates? And, who are they guarding?
- This is a crucial question too. Good defense is team defense. And, even the most effective individual defensive players, learn the defensive tendencies of their supporting cast of team members. They use this understanding to bolster their strategy. For instance, how you defend on ball when your defense is anchored by a post player that is a good shot blocker, will differ from how you guard the ball when you have a post player that’s foul prone.
- Further, what your teammates can do defensively will also be predicated on who they’re guarding defensively. By example, if they’re guarding a knock-down-deep-water-shooter, they’re going be less able to help on penetration.
Now, once a basketball player has an awareness of these factors, they’ll then need to determine how best to start to incorporating their individual strategies and tactics into their team’s defensive strategies.
How Did You Get Beat?
It’s one thing to have a plan. But, as they say in the military, your plan is only valid until it’s put in to play. After that, you must be prepared to assess and adjust.
To me, the question good defensive players continually ask themselves is: How did I get beat?
Or, if they got a stop: What specifically did I do that led to that stop?
The best thing to do is develop a LAST-THREE-NEXT-THREE MENTALITY. What happened on the last three defensive possessions (trips)? What needs to get done on the next three?
Remember, players with a high defensive IQ are constantly assessing. To borrow the phrase: If you’re not assessing, you’re guessing!
Good defense in basketball is not guesswork. It’s preparation, planning and improvisation. It starts in the head by making a commitment, moves to the heart where the best develop a pride and passion for it; and then, the ‘legs’ and body follow suit. If it happens the other way, as it does for so many players, they learn to dread it.
So, what’s your opinion? How do you develop defensive intelligence?
Talk to me…
BTW – I’d be remiss if not to mention that on a foul call, the most effective defensive players are always asking themselves: “What can I do differently to make that play look like it’s not a foul?”
[This one might generate some controversy for some... but, the best defensive players, in my opinion, foul far more times than what gets whistled for a foul. This is definitely an advanced concept and not one to offer up at the younger age group athletes.]
Zach: Thanks for the question and providing the inspiration for this post. Hope that helps to answer your question. Keep up the progress!